Climate change is an undeniable reality and the main environmental challenge currently facing our
There is consensus among the scientific community that the planet is warming faster than
ever, due to the sheer amount of greenhouse gases being released to the atmosphere as the
result of human activities.
The fossil fuels that we are burning (coal, oil and gas), the cars that we
drive and deforestation are just some examples. There have been other climate changes in the past,
such as the Ice Age, but they were down to natural causes.
Human action is causing the global warming of the planet and its effects are expected to
progressively increase in the future. The atmosphere and the ocean are warmed, the amounts of
snow and ice have diminished and the sea level has risen. Current CO2 are the highest in the last
We are already seeing - and even suffering - some the effects of that climate change. Yet, it is not
only about extreme weather phenomena, such as floods, droughts and hurricanes.
that are occurring in the climate could turn our lives upside down.
The rise in the global average surface temperature is the best-known indicator of climate change.
The average temperature of the earth’s surface has risen by 1 ºC since the end of the 19th century
and is expected to continue to rise throughout this century. The Paris Agreement, signed by 190
countries, has set the target of not exceeding 2 ºC.
Global warming must be limited to under 2 ºC above pre-industrial levels to avoid the most
serious effects of climate change and possible catastrophic changes in the global environment.
Seventeen of the eighteen warmest years on record have all been during this century. We have
caused this climate change that we are witnessing. We are releasing more and more gases that trap
the heat of the sun in the atmosphere and that means the earth’s temperature is increasing at an
The Basque Country has a climate change strategy - Klima 2050, which is our roadmap and sets
the target of reducing our gas emissions by 80%. We therefore all need to play our part. There
is no Plan B as there is no Planet B!
The Basque Country’s contribution to climate change is small in quantitative terms (0.5% of the
total emissions of the European Union). However, shared responsibility is the basic principle at the
heart of international policies to reduce emissions. Therefore, Basque society cannot remain on the
sidelines of fighting climate change and has assumed its share of responsibility with a stringent and
However, 34% of Basque citizens do little to fight climate change, either becaused they do not know
what they can do or they believe that they cannot do more. This publication seeks to help, with
everyday and simple tips, that we can all carry out to play our part in slowing down climate change.
The average CO2 emission per person in the European Union is 3.5 tons a year and is 8.7 in the
It is now up to us to reduce this footprint.
These 52 tips, organised in their level of difficulty when it comes to implementing them, aim
to set out a series of practical actions meaning that everyone can help to slow down climate
change and leave a habitable world for future generations. No action, however simple it may
seem, is insignificant.
Let us not underestimate the importance of what each person can do to mitigate climate
change. Every action counts!
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